Boy's home, L.A., Calif.  (LOC)
Children raised in orphanages are a high-risk group. [source]

In this post I will be discussing two very important topics in Parenting and Developmental Psychology; Risk Factors and Resilience Factors.
  • Risk Factor: A factor which may lead to a higher probability of future harm of a negative outcome.
  • Resilience (Protective) Factor: A factor which may lead to a increased ability to cope and withstand adversity. Helps individuals withstand risk factors and emerge without serious harm.
Ideally a parent or guardian's duty is to increase the amount of resilience factors and keep the number of risk factors to a minimum. There are several different categories of factors which I will list and give examples of below:

Family Risk Factors:
  • Abuse/neglect.
  • Overt conflict between parents/caregivers.
  • Separation/divorce.
  • Parents delaying child's growth.
  • Major parental illnesses.
  • Parental criminality.
  • Loss and bereavement.
Family Resilience Factors:
  • Multiple adults.
  • At least one close adult.
  • Forming secure attachments.
  • Parents who facilitate education/learning.
  • Having an extended family present.
Individual Risk Factors:
  • Genetics.
  • Learning/developmental disabilities.
  • Difficult temperament.
  • Physical illness.
  • Close relationship.friendship with delinquent peers.
  • Low expectations.
Individual Resilience Factors:
  • Intelligence.
  • Communication skills.
  • Sense of humor.
  • Religious beliefs.
  • Easy temperament.
  • Hobbies or talents.
Environmental Risk Factors:
  • Poverty.
  • Natural disasters.
  • War.
Environmental Resilience Factors:
  • Strong social networks.
  • Non-poverty.
  • School attendance.
It is important to note that these risk/resilience factors do not exist separately but  all have the potential to interact with one another.

1 response to "Parenting/Development: Risk Factors and Resilience Factors"

  1. pretty decent read

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