Strange and Interesting List of Phobias

psychpost | 6/27/2012 04:42:00 PM | 2 Comments
Fear of clowns, probably the only phobia I've ever had.  source
A Phobia is an irrational and excessive fear regarding certain objects or situations. Phobias can cause anxiety or fear that does not allow an individual to carry out their daily activities. More commonly a Phobia is a dislike or hatred of a certain subject.

In this post I will list several Phobias which I think are strange and/or interesting. Feel free to comment and add Phobias which you think should be on here. Definitions are from wikipedia and phobialist.

Ablutophobia: Fear of bathing, washing, or cleaning.
Agyrophobia: The fear of crossing the road.
Anthophobia: Fear of flowers.
Apeirophobia: Fear of infinity.
Atychiphobia: Fear of failure.
Barophobia: Fear of gravity.
Cacophobia: Fear of ugliness.
Cathisophobia: Fear of sitting.
Chaetophobia: Fear of hair.
Coulrophobia: Fear of clowns.
Defecaloesiophobia: Fear of painful bowels movements.
Dendrophobia: Fear of trees.
Dentophobia: Fear of dentists.
Doxophobia: Fear of expressing opinions or of receiving praise.
Eisoptrophobia: Fear of mirrors or of seeing oneself in a mirror.
Epistemophobia: Fear of knowledge.
Euphobia: Fear of hearing good news.
Geliophobia: Fear of laughter.      
Hellenologophobia: Fear of Greek terms or complex scientific terminology.
Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia: Fear of the number 666.
Hyalophobia: Fear of glass.   
Ithyphallophobia: Fear of seeing, thinking about or having an erect penis.
Koinoniphobia: Fear of rooms.
Koniophobia: Fear of dust. 
Lachanophobia: Fear of vegetables.
Linonophobia: Fear of string.
Mechanophobia: Fear of machines.
Mythophobia: Fear of myths or stories or false statements.
Neophobia: Fear of anything new.
Ombrophobia: Fear of rain or of being rained on.
Oneirogmophobia: Fear of wet dreams.
Optophobia: Fear of opening one's eyes.
Panophobia or Pantophobia: Fear of everything.
Peladophobia: Fear of bald people.
Phobophobia: Fear of phobias.
Phronemophobia: Fear of thinking.
Samhainophobia: Fear of Halloween.
Selenophobia: Fear of the moon.
Technophobia: Fear of technology.

Theory of Mind

psychpost | 6/17/2012 01:11:00 PM | 2 Comments
False Belief Task used to test for Theory of Mind. source
 
Theory of Mind is the ability to attribute mental states (beliefs, intent, knowledge, etc) to oneself and others. Theory of Mind also includes being able to understand that other individuals have beliefs, intent, knowledge, etc. that differ from our own.

Having a Theory of Mind allows us to understand and predict other individuals' emotions and actions. Having a Theory of Mind allows us to attribute mental states to others' behaviors. Without a Theory of Mind, normal social interactions would be very difficult. It would be very difficult to feel empathy or sympathy for others without a theory of Mind.

A complete theory of Mind is normally developed in all individuals, a lack of Theory of Mind often is a sign of cognitive or developmental impairment. Children are said to "have" a Theory of Mind when they are able to succeed on tests like the False-Belief Task (Sally-Anne Task) and the Appearance-Reality Task (Smarties Task). Other psychologists argue that young infants have a Theory of Mind and it is exhibited when they demonstrate joint-attention. 



The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a fun Personality Psychology assessment that categorizes personality based on 4 different dichotomies.This test was originally created to help find a suitable career based on an individual's personality type.

Four Dichotomies:
Attitudes: Extraversion or Introversion (E/I).
Function 1: Sensing or Intuition (S/N). Perceiving Functions.
Function 2: Thinking or Feeling (T/F). Judging Functions.
Lifestyle: Judging or Perception (J/P).