Biological Psychology Outline

psychpost | 2/03/2012 07:05:00 AM
Neurons, of great interest to Biological Psychology.

Biological Psychology is the study of physiological, evolutionary, and developmental mechanisms of behavior and experience. The goal of Biological Psychology is relate the field of Biology with the issues of Psychology.

Just as there are many different branches of Psychology such as Cognitive, Social, and Developmental there are many different levels of Biological Psychology which include:
Physiological: The study of the neural underpinnings of behavior and experience.
Ontogenetic: The study of how a structure or behavior develops.
Functional: The study of why a structure or behaior evolved.
Evolutionary: The study of relating a structure or behavior across a species.
Note: The term 'structure' in this context most often refers to neural structures but can include any body structure (muscles, glands, organs).

To illustrate these levels more clearly I will use the example of Critical Thinking and Problem Solving. Psychologists interested in the Physiological level will study bran regions associated with Critical Thinking such as the frontal cortex and prefrontal cortex. They will study neuron activity and identify mechanism that allow Critical Thinking to occur. On the other hand, those interested in the Functional level will study the purpose and usefulness that Critical Thinking provides to an organism.

4 responses to "Biological Psychology Outline"

  1. Oh gosh, biology all over again. I still like the theory much more than the biology part of psych.

  2. good psychology blog as always!

  3. Hey there, I was clicking around your blog, and it all seems very interesting! I don't know how I found it, I think we may have a shared social network or other website of some sort. Anyway, I'm going to follow you, read your posts often and make sure I check it out over my morning cup of coffee. I'd appreciate if you gave my blog a look and did the same for me! http://3tag.blogspot.com/

    (I used to do this sort of thing, and now it seems like it's gotten harder to get into.

  4. I think being a neuro surgeon would be more fun then a psycologist, but I just like using my hands more I suppose. Could you clarify if the Neuron in the picture is from the CNS? because I thought that Schwann Cells were not normally in the CNS, rather in the PNS, instead they are replaced by oligodendrocytes.

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