Long-Term Memory, It's Like our brain's hard drive.
Memory in important in Cognitive Psychology because it is the way we access our knowledge. Without memory we would not be able to learn from our experiences, we would have no idea of who we are, we would not be able to set goals, and we would not be able to acquire language skills.


Memory: The pool of stored information. Memory relies on many different processes to encode information, to consolidate information, and to retrieve information.

Encoding is the process that transforms information into a memory representation. Consolidation is the process in which memory representations are 'strengthened' and made relatively permanent. Retrieval is the process in which information is taken from Memory and is 'remembered'. 

The forms of Long-Term Memory

Declarative Memory (Explicit Memory): Form of Long-Term Memory that can consciously be recollected and 'declared' and described to other individuals. Declarative Memory includes: Episodic Memory, which is about events in our personal past and Semantic Memory, which is knowledge about things in the world and their meanings.

Nondeclarative Memory (Implicit Memory): Form of Long-Term Memory that is nonconscious and are expressed as a change in behavior without any conscious recollection. ____________________________________________________
I have not been able to make a post in the past couple weeks due to studying and exams at the University. I will make up for the lack of posts by doing a double post on Long-Term Memory.

Information adapted from source: "Cognitive Psychology" Smith, Kosslyn 2007

2 responses to "Long-Term Memory: Basic Outline (Cognitive Psychology)"

  1. Interesting

  2. Good Psychology Blog

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