Depression Diagnosis / Drug Treatments

psychpost | 5/26/2011 11:03:00 AM

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders depression is defined by these symptoms:

Emotional Symptoms
-Depressed Mood
-Anhedonia (no longer experiencing enjoyment)

Physiological and Behavioral Symptoms
-Sleep Disturbances (hypersomnia or insomnia)
-Appetite Disturbances
-Psychomotor retardation or Agitation
-Fatigue and loss of energy

Cognitive Symptoms
-Poor concentration and attention
-Sense of Worthlessness or guilt
-Poor self esteem
-Suicidal thoughts
-Delusions and hallucinations with depressing themes

Two different categories:

Major Depression: Experience depressed mood or anhedonia and at least four (4) other symptoms included above.

Dysthymic Disorder (chronic depression): Experience depressed mood and at least two (2) of the above symptoms for at least two years.


I will be listing several types of Drug Treatments. I will devote an entire post to non-drug treatments of depression which include: Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy.

"Norepinephrine may be related to alertness and energy as well as anxiety, attention, and interest in life; [lack of] serotonin to anxiety, obsessions, and compulsions; and dopamine to attention, motivation, pleasure, and reward, as well as interest in life."

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs):
-Experience faster relief from depression than other medications.
-Less severe side effects than other antidepressants. But may cause agitation or nervousness.
-Tend to not be fatal in overdose
-Helpful in treating a wider range of depression.
-Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Duloxetine (Cymbalta), Milnacipran (Ixel, Savella), Venlafaxine (Effexor), citalopram (Celexa), fluvoxamine (Luvox), Paxil, sertraline (Zoloft)

Tricyclic Antidepressants:
-Prevent the reuptake of Norephinephrine and Serotonin in synapses.
-Effective in relieving acute symptoms of depression.
-Common side effects: dry mouth, excessive perspiration, blurred vision, urinary retention, constipation, and sexual dysfunction.
-Amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep), Clomipramine (Anafranil), Desipramine (Norpramin, Pertofrane), trimipramine (Surmontil),

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs):
-As effective as the Tricyclic Antidepressants
-Can have interactions (high blood pressure) with diet: cheese, beer, wine, chocolate.
-Amoxapine (Asendin), Maprotiline (Ludiomil),Mianserin (Bolvidon, Norval, Tolvon), Mirtazapine (Remeron)

Sertraline (Zoloft), Escitalopram (Lexapro), Buproprion (Wellbutrin), Adderall, Citalopram (Celexa), Fluoxetine (Prozac), Milnacipran (Savella), Mirtazapine (Remeron), Venlafaxine (Effexor), Paxil, Duloxetine (Cymbalta), Fluvoxamine (Luvox), Reboxetine (Vestra), xanax, phentermine prescription drugs

PHOTO CREDIT: (hosted on)

35 responses to "Depression Diagnosis / Drug Treatments"

  1. SSRI's are the way to go.What is crazy is how many other psychological disorders these bad boys also help. Not to mention their less severe side effects.

  2. I'd rather not take drugs.

  3. Well the times we live in right now it doesn't suprise me that more and more ppl are depressed... even i can find my self there from time to time

  4. a friend of mine started taking drugs because she had mild depression; she's completely addicted and can't stop taking them now :<

  5. I'd rather not take drugs, but sometimes when all other options fail it's something.

  6. I`ve been treated a couple of time now, however I am a near hopeless case. If I remember correctly I have cyclofrenia so in other words I might be ok for a peroid of time then go into a heavily depressive mood for months. That and a few phobias, and a mild case of paranoia.

    But I stay off the pills I just face the problems head on and learn to accept it.

  7. this got me a little worried. i got pretty 80% of the symptoms here.
    i tried seeing a psychologist once but i just hated it. i might come back...

  8. I got pretty much of all those simptoms, and delusions/illusions are getting worse each time, I'm really working on it, thank you for sharing, your post is awesome, as always, take care :)

  9. my friend is clinically depressed, but hes not moody and grumpy like most people who experience depression

  10. i've seen that picture before.. depression runs in my family, i defeat it with exercise.

  11. this was a very interesting and informative post

  12. This shit is widely spread. Every 3rd person in modern nations has or had a depression.

  13. the worst is,, it's so damn hard to overcome it.

  14. My Mother had depressions for a very long time.

  15. I've never felt depressed, but I certainly have OCD.

  16. I used to have it before I think. + following, great blog, very helpful

  17. So much depression in the world. Maybe one day we can find away to all be happy.

  18. Interesting post. You did a good job outlining the different types of anti-depressants. Following!

  19. do not have

  20. I tend to stay away from using drugs... It's a wise thing to do :p Even if it's for your "mental state" those things are affecting more than just that!

  21. Interesting. A terrible place for hypochondriacs, I guess.

  22. Sounds like me sometimes. Care to one about schizotypal personality disorder?

  23. Oh man, depressing post. But good info.

  24. The Central Nervous System is so fascinating! The knowledge we'll get in the future hopefully will drive us to find new treatment for depression as well.

  25. Yeah, that's always interesting. Any chance of seeing the 'career burn-out syndrome' here? It's somehow related to depression.

  26. re-reading this. great blog indeed.

  27. Thanks for this interesting blog post, I'm ICD-10 F43.21 myself.

  28. Hey man! I've been doing better and I still fit on many of the symptoms but i've been better :) take care~~

  29. i have a friend with this condition. she drinks and sleeps a lot these days

  30. Depression is never fun.

  31. I think the medication helps but not forever this should be no lifetime treatment

  32. I've been depressed. Not fun. Feels bad, man.

  33. I don't think I'm ever been clinically depressed before. I've had some very low moods though.

  34. Very informative! I'm currently on Celexa and it's worked wonders for me :)

  35. thanks for the info, more reasons not to do drugs

Post a Comment