I am currently taking a course of The Psychology of Parenting and I will be writing several posts about some of the key topics. This field of psychology aims to understand the process of parenting by utilizing the many different aspects of psychology.
What exactly is parenting? Parenting is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood (Davies).
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Since parenting is such a broad process which encompasses all aspects of development a framework of parenting is useful. The process of parenting can be divided into three basic categories which are further divided into multiple subcategories.
Parenting Activities: The core elements of parenting which include: survival needs of the child, setting boundaries, monitoring behavior, and fulfilling the child's potential. Taking care of the child's social and emotional needs also fall under this category.
Functional Areas: This refers to the aspects of the child's functioning which to focus on and include: physical functioning, intellectual functioning, social functioning, and maintaining mental health.
Prerequisites: What parents need in order to do their job. In order for parenting to be effective it is helpful if they have: some knowledge and understanding of the parenting process, ability to assess risk factors, motivation for parenting, resources (financial, social) opportunity and time for parenting.
In my next post on parenting I will be writing about risk factors and resilience factors, which are general aspects in the life of a child which affect the possible outcome for the child.